Logistics Concepts
All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N Ñ O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Concepts Definition Attachment
Maritime flag The action of register a ship in the International Flag Registration to use a National Pavilion.N/A
Maritime accidentEvent that has been caused or is related to the operation of a ship, by which the ship or any person is exposed to danger or whose result can cause serious harm to people, the ship, structure or the environment.Download
Acceptance of the declarationThe act of registering the goods declaration.N/A
Maritime ActivitiesAll activities that are performed in the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Exclusive Economic Zone, Soil and Sub soil belonging to the Continental Shelf, in the coasts and ports of the Republic, related to the ocean navigation, cabotage, fishing and scientific, with domestic and foreign ships, research and extraction of marine resources and platform.N/A
AgreementHeadquarters agreement on the implementation of the Article Vll of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994. N/A
Customs dutyThe estimated cost of customs tax.N/A
CustomsThe administrative authorities responsible for applying customs legislation and the collection of duties on imports and exports that are also in charge of the enforcement of other laws and regulations, among others, import, transit and export of goods.N/A
Customs office destinationThe office where ends the legally operation of customs transit operation.N/A
Customs office of departureThe office where the legally customs transit operation begins.N/A
Customs transitCustom office where the goods in transit goes through.N/A
AppraiseOperation of recognizing the goods, check its nature and value, establish the weight, measure and classify in the tariff nomenclature, in order to determine the duties and taxes applicable to them.N/A
Customs agentNatural or legal person, legally authorized, to prepare, processed and manage to the respective customs office, the tax payment for the importation of the goods. The agents will be severally liable to the authorities for the payment of duties, fees, fines and other customs fees charges that may apply. N/A
Consolidated and Deconsolidation container servicesPhysical space of the stores, where the entered products are removed from the container, unpacked, separate, classified or even repacked according to the storage system of the company.N/A
Por State JurisdictionEs la zona donde se realizan las operaciones portuarias.N/A
Ship-ownerIt is the person who commercially exploited or not a ship or a naval device, and which is responsible for the navigation of the same. In terms of property, the shipowner may or not be the owner of the ship.N/A
ArrivalArrival of vehicles and transport to a Customs. It obliges to present them to the customs control reception.N/A
Forced arrivalThe arrival of a transport to a point different to the place of destination, as a result of circumstances that occurred by accident or force majeure, duly verified by the Customs Authority.N/A
Self-determinationIt is the determination of the customs duties carried out by the declarant by which this set, accept and pay the required taxes and met other obligations necessary for the approval customs.N/A
Customs authorityThe Customs Service official who, for the power granted in him and under the given competition, checks the correct applications of customs legislation, satisfies and enforces it.N/A
Local Port AuthorityThey can be the state agencies owners of the port infrastructure and superstructure of the state property, or the port operators chosen by them, or the operators of public ports in private property.N/A
Local Port Authority or Regulatory AuthorityAutonomous institution of public service, non-profit, responsible for exercising economic and technical regulation of maritime and port activities.N/A
Shipment authorizationAct by which the customs authority allows the export of goods that have been subjected to this regime.N/A
AuthorizationsDocuments issued by the port authority, which gives warranty to a natural or legal person in general to comply legal requirements and regulations set by that institution, to develop a particular port activity.N/A
BAFBunker Adjustment Factor refers to floating part of sea freight charges which represents additions due to oil prices.N/A
Containers blockA number of containers stored and set horizontally.Download
Gas Flush Bags/Modified Atmosphere PackagingAllow a full pallet seal, thus it is possible to change the surrounding air to the fruits by a CO2-rich atmosphere. In this way it reduces the respiration rate, reduces growth and microbiological development, slow biochemical reactions, a decrease occurs in the maturation rate and reduces dehydration.N/A
Bulk Freight containerUsed for transporting bulk material.Download
Bulker Roof HatchBulk Cargo Container with hinged roof for refilling.Download
BulkUnit used to contain goods. It can consist of boxes, bales, cylinder and other forms of presentation of the goods, according to its nature.N/A
ShipIts all floating construction intended to sail by water, either that is the purpose for which it was built, as well as whatever the propulsion that makes it navigate. This concept includes ships for transporting cargo and passengers, recreational boats and fishing, barges, sailboats, ferries, tugs, and any other type of watercraft. The name Ship, also includes in addition to his helmet, riggings, main or auxiliary, machines and other belongings still or not, that they are necessary for manoeuvring and navigation equipment, services although they are separate.N/A
Cargo shipBoat exclusively used for the transport of loads. Provides scheduled or non-scheduled services.Download
Reefer shipShip specialized in the transport of refrigerated loads, thanks to its basements, which have equipment of cold and heat insulation.N/A
Bulk vesselVessel built for bulk cargo transport services. These include: tankers (transport of hydrocarbons); the OBO (Ore, Bulk, Oil - alternate transportation of dry goods, hydrocarbons or minerals in bulk); the Bulk Ore (transport of heavy goods - mineral); the Dry Bulk (bulk dry goods transport), etc.Download
Container shipBoat specially constructed with an ideal structure for transport containers distributed at various levels.N/A
Tow vesselBoat equipped with a structure and power of special drag used to collaborate with the remaining boats, mainly in the development of entry operations egress port and berth moorage dock.N/A
Ship ro/ro (roll on/ roll off)Vessel specially built to transport vehicles with load (trucks, trailers, etc.). Loaded vehicles are driven and lashed on the covers and in the stern of the boat through hydraulic ramps where is the embarkation and disembarkation of the same. Without vessel for rolling cargo.Download
Ships under constructionThey are all ships or naval artifacts considered as such since the beginning of its construction until the end of the same.N/A
Foreign military shipsThey are those who are at the service of the armed forces of other countries.N/A
National military shipsThey are those who are at the service of the Navy force of El Salvador, in the permanent branch of the Naval Force.N/A
Police vesselThey are those who are independently owned, are in service of the Civil National Police, Customs or any other state body which exercises the functions of police.N/A
Private vesselAny motor vessel that is not engaged in business (business includes, but is not limited to, transportation of passengers for hire or commercial fishing.N/A
Pulic vesselThey are used in the service of the public power, regardless of the character of its owner, meaning fate, benefits and involvement that they have such as warships, police, customs, sanitary or humanitarian.N/A
Ship RegistrationThey are those who under the provisions and regulations of the AMP (Local Port Authority) must be registered in the records created by this law.N/A
Supply chainIs a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer. Supply chain activities involve the transformation of natural resources, raw materials, and components into a finished product that is delivered to the end customer.N/A
Value ChainA value chain is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product or service for the market. N/A
Cage-tainerPlatform based container with a superstructure cage .Download
DrawThe distance between the keel (bottom of the boat) and the surface of the water. Measured in feet or inches and usually have their graduation painted on ships. The depth varies depending on the load being carried. Knowledge of the draught of a ship in every condition of loading and density of the water (depending on the salinity and temperature) is fundamental to determine its navigability on shallow areas (ports and channels).N/A
TruckA vehicle that is used for heavy load transportation and is not articulated.N/A
Distribution channelsThe path through which goods and services travel from the vendor to the consumer or payments for those products travel from the consumer to the vendor. A distribution channel can be as short as a direct transaction from the vendor to the consumer, or may include several interconnected intermediaries along the way such as wholesalers, distributers, agents and retailers.N/A
CapacityMaximum amount of weight or volume of load, which is enabled to support a vehicle of load according to the manufacturer.N/A
LoadAll product or merchandise that is moved from one place to another by a loading vehicle.N/A
International transit cargoSet of goods that are destined for a certain port, airport or bus station, are downloaded to another to be consigned by equal or using other mode of transportation for their final destination.N/A
Dead loadAmount of money paid by a person who leases a full ship, but fails to get all the expected load. The payment is made by the capacity not occupied of the ship.N/A
Perishable cargoCargo requiring refrigeration, such as meat, fruit, fresh vegetables, and medical department biologicals.N/A
LoaderIt is the person who is supplying the load to transport, whether or not the charterer.N/A
RoadRoad located between cities and capitals, from which these cities are tributary, together designed to achieve economic development areas. Give direct access to the main generators of traffic and are interconnected with the system of highways and fast roads. Access is directly allowed, except when it is desired to introduce some degree of control over them to encourage traffic flow passage, reserving space and adequate parking and longitudinal designs for pedestrian movements.N/A
Consignment noteIt is the document that contains a contract of transportation with the description of the goods carried, the conditions in which are transported to the designated creditor by them.N/A
Distribution centerA post-production warehouse for finished goods.N/A
Service centerBounded and isolated area,depending on the nature of the activity, which is considered outside of the national customs territory, pursuant to be regarded as an area which enjoys customs extraterritoriality, where goods introduced therein and the services provided, are considered as if they were not in the national customs territory, with respect to duties and import taxes, in which is authorized the establishment of a company dedicated to the provision of services, under the terms of this law.N/A
Certificate of originDocument that identifies the issued merchandise and expressly declares where the goods are manufactured.N/A
Public key certificateA data structure created and digitally signed by a certifying officer, whose primary purpose is to enable its subscribers the creation of digital signatures, as well as the personal identification in electronic transactions.N/A
CertifierThe legal entity public or private, national or foreign, provider of the service of creating, issuance and operation of digital certificates.N/A
Cost and Freight (CFR)"Cost and Freight" means that the seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named port of destination but the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered on board the vessel is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail in the port of shipment. The CFR term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term can only be used for sea and inland waterway transport. When the ship's rail serves no practical purpose, such as in the case of roll-on/roll-off or container traffic, the CPT term is more appropriate to use. Download
CIF (Cost Insurance and Freight)This incoterm is exclusive of shipping. The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transport and insurance, until the goods arrive at the port of destination. The risk is transferred to the buyer at the time the merchandise is loaded on the ship, in the country of origin. It is one of the most used in international trade because a C.I.F. price conditions that mark the customs value of a product that is imported. It should be used for general or conventional load.Download
CIP (Carriage and insurance paid)The seller pays for freight and insurance, the risk of damage or loss to the goods being transported is transferred from the seller to the buyer as soon as the goods have been delivered to the carrier. While the seller is responsible for insuring the shipment, this obligation only extends to the minimum level of insurance coverage. Download
Clip- on UnitAn attachable terminal refrigeration system used while storing refrigerated goods at a terminal. The system maintains cooling while the storage container is en route and being held between shipping vessel transportation.N/A
Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System Is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products, made by the World Customs Organization. This code is used by countries to determine obligations and taxes for shipments across international borders.N/A
Shipping company or shipping agencyIs the designated person or agency held responsible for handling shipments and cargo, and the general interests of its customers,at ports and harbours worldwide, on behalf of ship owners, managers, and charterers. N/A
CompetitivenessSet of capabilities of the companies enabling them to access to the different markets, as well as to adapt quickly and flexibly to the constant changes in the environment.N/A
International PurchasingThey are all purchases outside of El Salvador. They are subject to the type of negotiation made, to set up under what modality is the transaction according to the incoterms.N/A
Port ConcessionairesNatural or legal person to whom is given by a total or partial concession contract, for a period of time and in exchange for an annual fee, port public works and their corresponding services, or else is given only the exploitation of the port services in total or partially. The licensee may operate port services or failing contract natural or legal persons running operators as port services.N/A
DriverAny person authorized to drive a motor vehicle.N/A
Bill of LadingA bill of lading (sometimes abbreviated as B/L or BoL) is a document issued by a carrier which details a shipment of merchandise and gives title of that shipment to a specified party. Bills of lading are one of three important documents used in international trade to help guarantee that exporters receive payment and importers receive merchandise.Download
Consignment Is placing any material in the hand of another, but retaining ownership until the goods are sold or person is transferred. In case of consignment goods are sent to the agent for the purpose of sale. The ownership of these goods remains with the sender. The agent sells the goods on behalf of the sender, according to his instructions.N/A
Consignor"Person or firm who delivers a consignment to a carrier for transporting it to a consignee named in the transportation documents. Ownership of the goods remains with the consignor until the consignee pays for them in full."N/A
ConsigneeA party named by the consignor  in transportation documents as the party to whose order a consignment will be delivered at the port of destination. The consignee is considered to be the owner of the consignment for the purpose of filing the customs declaration, and for paying duties and taxes.N/A
Consolidation of cargoConsolidator is a person or company who consolidates different consignments for different importers in to one consignment who delivers each cargo each consignee as per the agreed terms and conditions.N/A
Cargo consolidatorsNatural or legal person qualified as a consolidator that uses the services of another consolidator for the transportation of the goods for which it has contracted, under which emits deconsolidation documents derived from the document which issued the deconsolidation which transported goods.N/A
Goods truckTruck equipped with grips container devices.N/A
Container Is a basic tool consisting of any device creating a partially or fully enclosed space that can be used to contain, store, and transport objects or materials. Things kept inside of a container are protected by being inside of its structure.N/A
Open ContainerContainer with sides and ends made of bars or mesh, roofless.N/A
Closed containerContainer completely closed by a rigid or permanent structure and stainless steel.N/A
Tank container Is an intermodal container for the transport of liquids, gases and powders as bulk cargo.N/A
Dry containerDesigned for loads that require constant temperatures or below the freezing point. It has walls covered with polyurethane foam to provide maximum isolation. The temperature is controlled by the terminal or ship plants.N/A
Mechanically ventilated containerContainer equipped with ventilation.Ventilation is provided by ventilation openings designed for this purpose. They have devices for load.N/A
Open-top container Specially designed for oversized and high loads that can be loaded through the roof using a crane. If required they can be equipped with tarpaulins, which shall be duly tied.Download
Reefer containerIs an intermodal container (shipping container) used inintermodal freight transport that is refrigerated for the transportation of temperature sensitive cargo.N/A
Marine insurance It is the value to be paid to the owner of the cargo, by the owner of a vessel or a ship conveyor, or by the owner or carrier of a vessel that collides to another, when the load has been subject of fault. N/A
General cargo contractThis is fundamentally a loyalty agreement or arrangement by which the shipper undertakes to ship all his cargo with an independent liner company or with a liner conference. For the shipper’s benefit, the line or the conference, on behalf of its members, agrees to provide regular services as required by the shipper and, most important, to offer a freight rate at a tariff that is lower than the tariff for the general public. N/A
Charter-partyA written, or partly written and partly printed, contract between a shipowner and a merchant, by which a ship is let or hired for the conveyance of goods on a specified voyage, or for a defined period. A vessel might also be chartered to carry passengers on a journey. Also, a written contract betweenN/A
Time charterThe owner places the vessel, crew and equipment at the disposal of the charterer. The charterer then generally has full commercial control of the vessel, including arranging bunkers, handling operations, port charges and other matters that would normally handled by the owner under a voyage charter. Under a time charter the owner will receive hire based on the period of the charter or per dead-weight tonne per month.N/A
Partial charteringIt is the contract whereby the charterer will only have one or more specific spaces. Under this contract, the fletante must use reasonable diligence to put the vessel in conditions of navigability, in agreed time and place and comply with the features committed to the charterer.N/A
Lump sum charter The charterer pays for the use of the ship’s cargo space for one, or sometimes more than one, voyage. In these cases the owner´s earnings are usually based on the quantity of cargo loaded, or as a lump sum irrespective of the quantity of cargo loaded. N/A
Bareboat or Demise charter It is the contract whereby the fletante puts at the disposal of the charterer, all namespaces useful or all the port possessing a particular ship, which can be replaced by another, if it has agreed. Under this contract, the fletante must use reasonable diligence to put the vessel in conditions of navigability, in agreed time and place and comply with the features committed against the charterer.N/A
Voyage charter  It is the contract whereby the partys requires, by payment of a price, to grant to anothers use and enjoyment of a ship for a period of time, transferring him tenure.N/A
Towing contractIt is a contract by which a towing vessel lends traction for another towed for translation from one point to another of the aquatic area, or to cooperate with towing in their maneuvers of displacement in exchange for a freight trailer.N/A
TaxpayerIs a person or organization (such as a company) that pays the customs tax liability.N/A
Preferred creditorLoans that must be paid before others by works of the law. There are some credits whose preference arises from the will of the parties that have held a real contract of pledge, mortgage.N/A
DockAn enclosed area of water in a port for the loading, unloading, and repair of ships.N/A
Customs declarationA statement showing goods being imported on which duty will have to be paid.N/A
DeclarantIt is the person who makes a declaration of goods in accordance with the code and its regulations.N/A
Custom duty depositThe temporary storage of goods under the control of the customs service in premises or places fenced or not, waiting for the declaration of goods be presented.N/A
Bonded warehouseIs a building or other secured area in which dutiable goods may be stored, manipulated, or undergo manufacturing operations without payment of duty. It may be managed by the state or by private enterprise. In the latter case a customs bond must be posted with the government.N/A
Special drawing rights Are supplementary foreign exchange reserve assets defined and maintained by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Is used to determine the responsibility of the shipowner and operators and port dealers; as well as to quantify infringements and sanctions established in the present law. The value of the special drawing right, for the purposes of determining the amount of the liabilities , shall be laid down by the IMF at the moment in which occurs the loss or damage; for the determination of the amount of violations, will be fixed at the time remaining firm resolution that applies the respective fine.N/A
Deconsolidation of goodsActivity that allows to ungroup shipments consolidated in a single document of transport or other equivalent and coming to different consignees, presenting every single shipment with their respective transport document.N/A
Hazardous wasteIs waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment.N/A
Debarcation or disembarkation Is the process of leaving a ship, or removing goods from a ship.N/A
Heavy vehicle dimensionsLength, width and height of a cargo vehicle.N/A
Doc FeeCharges for documentation (maritime, air and land).N/A
Transport document"Air waybill, bill of lading, carrier´s certificate, etc., that serves as an evidence of acceptance and receipt of goods for carriage and may also serve as a document of ownership."N/A
Electronic documentIs any electronic media content that are intended to be used in either an electronic form or as printed output.N/A
CMR DocumentThey are documents of transportation which emits an international distributor or logistics operator, acting as operator of multimodal transport, international freight agent, consolidator of load carrier, in a direct way or as a representative or agent of another in a country of origin, name of each consignee and the detail of the goods, according to the manifesto of consolidated cargo, on shipments involving as consolidator direct or co-consolidador.N/A
Reasonable doubtIt is the right that has the customs authority of doubt about the truth or accuracy of the data or documents submitted as proof of the declared value, arising as a result of the comparative analysis of the declared value, with the information available from values of identical or similar goods to object to the assessment, and in the absence of these, based on reference prices contained in resources such as price listsbooks, magazines, catalogues, newspapers and other documents.N/A
PackingPreparation of product or commodity for proper storage and/or transportation. It may entail blocking, bracing, cushioning, marking, sealing, strapping, weather proofing, wrapping, etc.N/A
BoardingProcess in which the goods are loaded onto the means of transport.N/A
Packaging"Processes and materials employed to contain, handle, protect, and/or transport an article. Role of packaging is broadening and may include functions such as to attract attention, assist in promotion, provide machine identification (barcodes, etc.), impart essential or additional information, and help in utilization. "N/A
Transport operatorAny natural or legal person that provides freight service.N/A
EnvaseContainer which contains the goods.N/A
Specialized equipmentIt is the intended to support and transport weights and volumes that exceed the maximum limits established by law.N/A
StowagePlacement (lading) of cargo in an aircraft or ship in a manner that provides optimum safety for the vessel and the cargo, gives maximum space usage, and allows easy access to cargo at the point of offloading.N/A
Previous verificationThe physical examination of the goods, prior to his office, to determine its general characteristics and the determining elements of the customs tax obligations and other requirements that are required for the approval of the regime or customs operations that are intended.N/A
ExemptionDispenses temporary or permanent the payment of tributes to import or export of goods.N/A
ConsignorPerson or firm who delivers a consignment to a carrier for transporting it to a consignee named in the transportation documents. Ownership of the goods remains with the consignor until the consignee pays for them in full.N/A
ExportSelling goods or services abroad.N/A
Direct exportingIt consists of establishing direct contact with the importer and make the entire process of the export operation. This involves the use of resources, adequate infrastructure (offices), have human resources trained in international trade and, in addition, a network of export service providers.N/A
Indirect exportsExports that are not handled directly by the manufacturer or producer but through an export agent or freight forwarder.N/A
Usual exporterNatural or legal person carrying at least a dozen exports a year.N/A
EXW (ex works)Contracts involving international transportation often contain abbreviated trade terms that outline matters such as the time and place of delivery and payment, the time when the risk of loss shifts from the seller to the buyer, and the party who pays the costs of freight and insurance. The most commonly known trade terms are Incoterms, which are published by the International Chamber of Commerce. N/A
Commercial invoice"Document required by customs to determine true value of the imported goods, for assessment of duties and taxes. A commercial invoice , must identify the buyer and seller, and clearly indicate the date and terms of sale, quantity, weight and/or volume of the shipment,type of packaging, complete description of goods, unit value and total value, and insurance, shipping and other charges."N/A
MissingGoods declared in the manifesto, that have not been discharged by the means of transport.N/A
Free Alongside Ship"Use of this rule is restricted to goods transported by sea or inland waterway. In practice it should be used for situations where the seller has direct access to the vessel for loading, e.g. bulk cargos or non-containerised goods. Seller delivers goods, cleared for export, alongside the vessel at a named port, at which point risk transfers to the buyer.The buyer is responsible for loading the goods and all costs thereafter.N/A
(FCA) Free CarrierThe seller undertakes to deliver the goods at a point agreed upon within the country of origin. Be responsible for costs until the merchandise is located at that point agreed. The incoterm FCA can be used with any type of transport.N/A
FCL (Full Container Load)Fully loaded container. A container with goods for a single consignment.N/A
Digital signatureData set attached or logically associated with an electronic document, allowing to verify its integrity, as well as identify uniquely and legally bind the author with the document.N/A
Flat CarDeck of a train carriage with grips for containers.N/A
Flat rack without side covers 20'Sometimes known as flat-rack. A container platform without superstructure. The top and bottom takes corners with holes type ISO to hitchs. Typical ISO, no.: 60. Designed for heavy and wide loads. The construction of its fund is strong, with devices for the securing of the load. It can also be used as a platform 20. External measures: long 6. 058 mm, width 2438 mm and high 2.591 mm. Internal measurements: length 5900 mm, width 2400 mm, high 2,285 mm. Empty weight: 2,500 kg weight 30.150 Kg Max.N/A
Flat rack without side covers 40'Sometimes known as flat-rack. A container platform without superstructure. Top and bottom takes corners with holes type ISO to hitchs. Typical ISO, no.: 60. Designed for heavy and wide loads. The construction of its fund is strong, with devices for the securing of the load. It can also be used as a platform 40. External measures: long 12.192 mm, width 2438 mm and high 2.591 mm. Internal measurements: 12.150 mm, width 2400 mm, high 2,035 mm long Empty weight: 4.900 Kg. 40.100 Max Kg. 58.70m3 volume N/A
FOB (Free On Board) The seller pays for transportation of the goods to the port of shipment, plus loading costs. The buyer pays cost of marine freight transport, insurance, unloading, and transportation from the arrival port to the final destination. The passing of risks occurs when the goods are loaded on board at the port of shipment.N/A
Central-American Customs Unique FormIt has the function of a certificate the origin, which guarantees that the goods are products manufactured in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. Also used as a Customs transit Guide.N/A
FranchiseIt is the total or partial exemption of taxes legally granted to goods imported for a specific purpose or by certain people.N/A
WarrantyProvides assurance by one party to the other party that specific facts or conditions are true or will happen. This factual guarantee may be enforced regardless of materiality which allows for a legal remedy if that promise is not true or followed.N/A
BulkIt is the goods transported without packaging or packing.N/A
Air Waybill (AWB)Is a receipt issued by an international airline for goods and an evidence of the contract of carriage, but it is not a document of title to the goods. Hence, the air waybill is non-negotiable.N/A
Half-height containerHalf-height contenedor-silo. Hard top, canvas, and solid walls or cage can be opened. Measures 4 feet (1.2 m) or 4.3 feet (1, 3 m.) high and can carry mineral or semi-finished materials.N/A
Half-tilt containerContainer with solid doors and structure complete, but open on top and sides.N/A
Heated containerCalorific container with insulation and temperature maintenance.N/A
ImportAcquisition of goods, services, labour, capital, etc. from abroad.N/A
IncotermsInternational commercial terms. Thirteen terms of sale accepted worldwide in assignment of costs and responsibilities between the buyer and the seller. Proposed, updated, and copyrighted by the International Chamber Of Commerce (ICC), they serve as global standards for uniform interpretation of common contract clauses in international trade. N/A
Port infrastructureIt consists of the access channels to the port, the maneuvering area of vessels or dock or harbor, protection works such as seawalls and floodgates, signaling elements for navigation of ships in the approach channels and harbor, the piers and docks, open storage areas and transport pathways inside the port.N/A
Port facilitiesThey are all those works necessary for the operation of a port, port infrastructure and superstructure.N/A
IntegrityProperty of an electronic document that denotes that its content and identification features have remained unchanged from the time of issue.N/A
Maritime interestThey are political and economic functions that are materialized in maritime transport, commercial maritime communications, transfers such as ports or terminals maritime, river and lake stations, fishing, water sports, the shipbuilding industry, development and control of maritime personnel, renewable and non-renewable marine resources; covering with it throughout their universe.N/A
Internationalization of companies and goodsA set of actions or operations designed to strengthen the competitiveness of companies favouring the entry of products in international markets.N/A
InvestmentsAn asset or item that is purchased with the hope that it will generate income or appreciate in the future. In an economic sense, an investment is the purchase of goods that are not consumed today but are used in the future to create wealth. N/A
Foreign investmentFlows of capital from one nation to another in exchange for significant ownership stakes in domestic companies or other domestic assets. Typically, foreign investment denotes that foreigners take a somewhat active role in management as a part of their investment. Foreign investment typically works both ways, especially between countries of relatively equal economic stature.N/A
National investmentsThose investments with assets or resources, whether they are real, tangible and intangible, provision of services or financial in national currency by domestic investors.N/A
Foreign investorsNatural persons and legal foreign and Salvadorans living abroad for more than one year of uninterrupted, making investments in the country.N/A
National investorsNatural persons and legal salvadoreans, permanently resident in El Salvador, making investments in the country.N/A
IsotankUsed for transportation of milk, beer, edible oil, synthetic latex, gases, chemical products (non-hazardous) IMO.Max. NET 11,479 kg tare 2,845 kgs. ch. Almac. 20,000 liters.N/A
LCL (Less than Container Load)Shipping term for cargo that is insufficient either in quantity or in weight to qualify for the freight rates applied to a standard shipping container.N/A
LiftIt is the Act whereby the customs authority allows respondents to have goods that have been subject to customs clearance.N/A
Shipping list Is a shipping document that accompanies delivery packages, usually inside an attached shipping pouch or inside the package itself. It serves to inform all parties, including transport agencies, government authorities, and customers, about the contents of the package.N/A
LogisticsPlanning, execution, and control of the procurement, movement, and stationing of personnel, material, and other resources to achieve the objectives of a campaign, plan, project, or strategy.N/A
Integrated logistics Is an integrated and iterative process for developing materiel and a support strategy that optimizes functional support, leverages existing resources, and guides the system engineering process to quantify and lower life cycle cost and decrease the logistics footprint, making the system easier to support. N/A
Reverse logisticsIt is the process of design, implement and control flow of raw materials, from the point of consumption to the point of origin in an efficient way, in order to recover their value or the own return.N/A
Cargo manifest Is a document listing the cargo, passengers, and crew of a ship, aircraft, or vehicle, for the use of customs and other officials.N/A
Maquila industryIt is all that service provided by natural or juridical persons domiciled in the country, a contractor domiciled abroad, which will provide the terms and agreed terms, raw materials, parts, components or elements that processed or transformed for the account of the contractor, which in turn will use them or marketed as agreed.N/A
Agricultural machineryVehicle that can maneuver on their own, intended for a farm use, whose normal road speed, may not exceed of twenty-five kilometres per hour.N/A
Dangerous goodsAre solids, liquids, or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property, or the environment. N/A
Mode of transportShip, aircraft, railway car, motor vehicle, or any other means used for the transport of persons or goods.N/A
MerchandiseHousehold, personal use, or commercial goods, wares, commodities, bought and sold in wholesale and retail.N/A
Foreign goodsIs that comes from abroad and whose import has not legally been consummated.N/A
Intended goodsThey are those goods which a natural or legal person, national or foreign, notifies, sends, delivers, to the qualified user to receive, manage and distribute to their inventory in a park of services.N/A
Metrology Is the science of measurement.N/A
Transportation contracting modalitiesTransportation services can be hired from the following form: Door to door, door to port, port to port, freight collect. There is usually a fee for freight collect for, pre-paid (freight prepaid)N/A
Taxable finesPayment for not presenting the documentation complete to the Customs Office of entry.N/A
 Defenitive import of goodsIt is the legal introduction of goods from abroad for use or free circulation into the customs territory, prior compliance with customs formalities and other nature that may be necessary.N/A
NIMF-15 Is a comprehensive body of directives concerning importation regulations for wood packaging and wooden pallets developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).N/A
Non-repudiationRefers to a state of affairs where the purported maker of a statement will not be able to successfully challenge the validity of the statement or contract. N/A
Open-sided containerShipping containers which have been modified to incorporate two sets of double doors into the long side of the container. This opens up the entire length of the container, giving full and unrestricted access. N/A
Customs OperationPhysical activity, authorized by the code, this regulation or other related regulations, which are subject to the goods and which is carried out under customs supervision.N/A
Multimodal transport Is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means oftransport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport. N/A
Port operatorIt is the natural or legal person, with specific experience in port operations, which implements these activities in a port.N/A
Business organizationsAn entity formed for the purpose of carrying on commercial enterprise. Such an organization is predicated on systems of law governing contract and exchange, property rights, and incorporation.N/A
PlatformPlatform made of light wood, metal or plastic, consisting of two bases separated between a unique base resting on rails of a height that allows its handling by forklifts with double brackets, which serves to mobilize and store multiple units of cargo in a single unit, allowing it to manipulate in one operation-considerable weight.N/A
PanamaxShip container of third-generation, built with dimensions that allow to optimize its capacity and at the same time, is possible to cross the Panama Canal without difficulties.N/A
Park servicesDelimited area forming one body, is encircled and isolated, without resident population, where goods introduced therein and the services provided, are considered outside the nation, with respect to the rights and taxes of importation, customs territory within which and under the responsibility of an authorized administrator, establish and operate several companies dedicated to the provision of services under the terms and conditions governed by this law.N/A
Customs tariffCustoms nomenclature which classifies each merchandise within the Central American customs system and its respective percentage for payment of tariffs.N/A
Special permissionAuthorization document, which will be required by the competent authority, for vehicles transporting hazardous materials and loads that exceed established weight and dimensions.N/A
Gross weightTotal weight of a containerized or packaged shipment, computed as the sum of net weight (weight of the item) and tare (weight of the container and packaging material).N/A
Peso Centroamericano ($CA)Regional account whose value is set by the Central American Monetary Council unit.N/A
Maximum weight of circulationIn the case of vehicles, it is the sum of net weight or tare and the weight of the load carrying.N/A
Net weightActual, computed, or estimated weight of a good without its container and/or packaging.N/A
Tank truckA truck carrying a tank used to transport liquids.N/A
PlanningThe formulation of one or more detailed plans to achieve optimum balance of needs or demands with the available resources. The planning process identifies the goals or objectives to be achieved, formulates strategies to achieve them, arranges or creates the means required, and implements, directs, and monitors all steps in their proper sequence.N/A
Strategic PlanningProcess in which an organization sets its long-term vision and strategies to reach it from the SWOT analysis. (Strengths, Opportunities, Weaknesses and Threats)N/A
Load platformA platform adjoining the shipping and receiving door of a building, usually built to the same height as the floor of the trucks or railway cars on which shipments are delivered to and from the dock.N/A
Logistics platformPhysical place specially built and equipped with the necessary infrastructure, to meet the needs of the companies that provide outsourced logistics services; or that they produce or sell goods and develop these services in its interior, giving added value to the products.N/A
PostpanamaxShips larger than Panamax that do not fit in the canal, such as supertankers and the largest modern container and passenger ships.N/A
PracticalIt is the person who serves on Board of a ship that does not belong to the crew, as a counselor of the captain of the same in the course and the channels of access and the docking maneuver and moorage in ports, as well as navigation areas requiring their services and their knowledge for safety reasons.N/A
ProgramsA set of projects aiming to support national production.N/A
PortAquatic and terrestrial, natural or artificial area, and fixed installations, that by their physical conditions and organization are suitable for anchoring maneuvers, berthing and moorage and demurrage of ships or any other naval appliance; for transfer of cargo between the modes of water and land transportation, embarkation and disembarkation of passengers, and other services that can be provided to vessels, naval artifacts , passengers and cargo, and fixed or floating platforms to stash or load any other operation, considered port operation by the port authority.N/A
RampA bridge ramp which supports the boat ramp, allows access by RoRo tractors, trailers and trucks, prevents changes in height because of the tides.N/A
Custom areaArea located within the port area under customs control.N/A
Port areaLand area of a port where operational activities are carried out.N/A
Transshipment"Transfer of a shipment from one carrier, or more commonly, from one vessel to another whereas in transit. Transshipments are usually made where there is no direct air, land, or sea link between the consignor and consignee countries, where the intended port of entry is blocked, or to hide the identity of the port or country of origin. N/A
Re-exportMay occur when one member of a free trade agreement charges lower tariffs to external nations to win trade, and then re-exports the same product to another partner in the trade agreement, but tariff-free. Re-exportation can be used to avoid sanctions by other nations. N/A
RemainingsSubstances, materials or residues remaining in the means of transport after it is empty.N/A
Tugboat Is a boat that maneuvers vessels by pushing or towing them. Tugs move vessels that either should not move themselves, such as ships in a crowded harbor or a narrow canal, or those that cannot move by themselves, such as barges, disabled ships, log rafts, or oil platforms.N/A
Utility trailerVehicle without engine that supports all of its weight on its own axis and is intended to be pulled by a vehicle´s load.N/A
Toxic wasteMaterial that has hazardous characteristics, that after serving a specific purpose still retains chemical and physical useful properties .N/A
ResponsibleThe auxiliary customs civil service or any other person, even without having the character of taxpayer must by provision of law express the obligations conferred on this.N/A
Non-tariff barriers to tradeThey are all those licenses, permits, certificates or authorizations, not tax character, determined and required by national legislation or international agreements for the entry or exit of goods.N/A
Ro-Ro (Roll on-Roll off)Ship designed to carry rolling-stock cargo which does not require cranes to be loaded or off-loaded but is driven on and off the ship´s decks. See also Lift-On, Lift-Off.N/A
Authorized Routes Routes authorized for the carriage of goods subject to customs control.N/A
Public sectorThe part of the economy concerned with providing basic government services. The composition of the public sector varies by country, but in most countries the public sector includes such services as the police, military, public roads, public transit, primary education and healthcare for the poor.N/A
Semi trailer, chassis, platform and vanA trailer that lacks from a front axle that rests the front of their weight in a tract truck or head and is intended to be pulled.N/A
SemitrailerSemitrailer equipped with grips, for ISO container device.N/A
Port servicesThey are all services provided within a port ships, cargo, and passengers.N/A
SinisterEvery event or series of events whose origin is the same, causing damage by pollution or other means.N/A
ExcessGoods unloaded from the mode of transport that were admitted to the customs territory, representing an excess of those included on the cargo manifest.N/A
Soft-top containerContainer with expanded canvas awning.N/A
Passive personPerson required to comply with the customs tax benefits, either in quality of taxpayer or as leader.N/A
Port superstructureConsists of all the port equipment in general, through the cellars of goods in general, cargo holds in solid bulk, tanks for storage of bulk liquids, warehouses in general, administrative facilities in general, workshops, and all other work built within the port area.N/A
SubscribersPersons whom is issued a digital certificate which is used for purposes specified in this regulation.N/A
Toxic substancesAny substance that threaten to health, animals, plants, or against the environment and human life, and which are identified by national or international bodies.N/A
Tare weight The officially accepted weight of an empty car, vehicle, or container that when subtracted from gross weight yields the net weight of cargo or shipment upon which charges can be calculated. N/A
Port rate paymentsPrice that operators, licensees or providers of port services, will receive from users, as consideration for the services that provided.N/A
OutsourcingIt is a means to achieve a service JIT (just in time) of high quality with competitive prices in every field that is considered a leader.N/A
Container terminalIs a facility where cargo containers are transshipped between different transport vehicles, for onward transportation. N/A
Intermodal terminals Physical enclosure fencing, type platform, managed by public or private legal entities where converges the different modes of transport infrastructure and has sufficient capacity to perform transfer of loading units.N/A
Port terminalsPort territory which includes a set of infrastructure and superstructure, with the equipment and services necessary to meet the demand of cargo and passenger ships.N/A
Customs territoryThe terrestrial, aquatic and aerial field of States parties, with the legally established exceptions.N/A
TEU (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit)TEU stands for Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit which can be used to measure a ship’s cargo carrying capacity. The dimensions of one TEU are equal to that of a standard 20' shipping container. 20 feet long, 8 feet tall. Usually 9-11 pallets are able to fit in one TEU. Two TEUs are equal to one FEU (forty-foot-equivalent unit).N/A
TractorAutomotive vehicle designed to withstand and drag trailer and semi-trailer.N/A
Customs procedureAll related operations or customs management, made before the customs service.N/A
TransshipmentMoving goods from one vehicle to another, of equal or different mode of transport, during the course of a distribution operation.N/A
ConveyorIt is the person who contract with the charger the carriage of goods; owner, or whoever has the availability of the vessel. This expression does not include the maritime or intermediary agent.N/A
Bulk transportTransport of goods without packaging or packing.N/A
Air transportationIt is the quintessential faster transport that exists. It is usually used for the products or goods of high value and short duration. The rates are based on weight per piece and dimensions. The document where all the information of the shipment for air transportation is called AWB (airway bill).N/A
Ship transport Is the mode of transportation that moves more volume of goods in international trade; more than 90 global trade is transported by sea as virtually the only economic means to transport large volumes of goods between geographically distant places. The document where all the information of the boarding by maritime transport is called BL (Bill of Lading).N/A
Multimodal transport Is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means oftransport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport. N/A
CarrierIs the person who carries out the transport of the goods or under whose responsibility is carried out the same, and because of which manifest general loading issues master or corresponding transport document, to be submitted to customs authorities in El Salvador.N/A
TraceabilityIs the ability to verify the history, location, or application of an item by means of documented recorded identification.N/A
TributeTariff, taxes, contributions, and other legally established tax obligations.N/A
CrewAll the people onboard according to the respective authorizations or permits, designed to meet all the services of the ship are called.N/A
Means of transportAny means of transport that is used for income, transit, transfer, transshipment, or output of goods to, from, or through the customs territory, such as: containers, trucks, tract trucks, vans, platforms, aerial or maritime ships, railroad cars and other similar means of transport.N/A
Direct userNatural or legal person, national or foreign authorized to provide services in the park or service center, in accordance with the provisions of this law.N/A
Indirect userNatural or legal person, national or foreign, resident or not, credited as the owner of the goods in accordance with their respective customs documentation, intended to be placed in a park of services for international logistics, distribution operations carried out by a qualified direct user, who assumes responsibility for the custody, handling and distribution of the same.N/A
Value added tax (VAT)Indirect tax on the domestic consumption of goods and services, except those that are zero-rated (such as food and essential drugs) or are otherwise exempt (such as exports).N/A
Customs valuationIs the process where customs authorities assign a monetary value to a good or service for the purposes of import or export. Generally, authorities engage in this process as a means of protecting tariff concessions, collecting revenue for the governing authority, implementing trade policy, and protecting public health and safety.N/A
VehicleA thing used for transporting people or goods, especially on land, such as a car, lorry.N/A
Articulated TrucksComposed of a tractor and a semi-trailer.N/A
Waste CubeSpace of exploited within a container, usually due to breakage of the stowage. It can be moved the eccentricity of the weight.N/A
Zarpe (Vessel entrance or clearance statement)Authorization document of departure of a ship coming from a port to the sea or another port.N/A
Loading and unloading zoneArea for loading and unloading of goods.N/A
HinterlandThe remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers.N/A
Free zoneAn area within a country where imported goods can be stored or processed without being subject to import duty.N/A
Primary customs zone It is all area authorized by the customs service, where provided or made, temporarily or permanently, and includes the respective offices, courtyards, tanks, warehouses, berths, runways, and in general all the places where vehicles or means of transport operations related to loading and unloading, where the goods which have not been subject to customs clearance are deposited.N/A